1. Server requirement and configuration
The server is the foremost factor affecting the site’s performance. If your server doesn’t function properly, your website speed will never be optimum no matter what you do. While you choose a host, always go for a dedicated server or VPN. A shared hosting option is a strict NO for Magento. To optimize your costs go for cloud hosting plans from leading players like Amazon Web Services (AWS) or Microsoft Azure. Also, check your Magento 2 system requirements to ensure that you are using Linux x86-64 as the operating system, apache 2.2 or 2.4 web server, PHP 5.5, Nginx 1.8x, My SQL 5.6x database, a valid security certificate (SSL), Varnish 4.x, Redis 3.x cache storage, and memcache 1.4x. Also make sure that self-signed certificates are not supported and there’s a latest version composer to manage modules easily.
An ecommerce store is full of images and banners for obvious reasons. To make sure that the images aren’t affecting your site’s performance, optimize them accordingly. The images that appear on the main site should be compressed for less data usage and easy page loads. While the product images should be in JPEG format, PNG and SVG format is recommended for logo and layout of your Magento 2 site.
One of the problems identified in the slowdown of Magento 2 sites had been the read speed of the database. If your Magento 2 store has a wide range of products, you are likely to face this problem more. To increase the read speed of your database, you should enable flat categories and products. By doing this, you can minimize the number of database joins done when it shows the products. It leads to the reduction of MySQL query complexity and your site’s performance is improved. To change the settings, you can go to your backend settings, select ‘catalog’ from the ‘configuration’ header, and mark ‘Yes’ for the ‘Use Flat Catalog Category’.
4. Optimize JS and CSS files
5. Choose the right Content Delivery Network
Content Delivery Network or CDN is an interconnected system of distributed servers that delivers web pages and other web content to the visitors. It is based on geographical proximity of the user and origin of the web page. The system helps your visitors to load the pages faster and therefore you should choose a Content Delivery Network by keeping in view the features provided and its coverage range. To setup CDN, you can go to ‘Stores’ from your backend and select ‘GENERAL’ from the ‘configuration’ tab. Here, go to ‘Web’ and insert your HTTPS URLs in the secure base URL. This will help your Magento 2 site to load faster for your customers.
6. Set off Code Generation
Code generation enables you to bring aspect oriented programming, generic programming, and other techniques to the languages that do not support them by default. By setting off code generation, you can improve your Magento 2 site’s performance and add unique features to the default setup. To initiate code generation, you can follow two ways:
- The first is by performing it on the fly. Use a meaningful name that follows a certain pattern to declare a class. The system will then auto load the class. If not found, the class will be generated.
- The above method can slow down the system so as an alternative; you can use the command line. Use the command “magento setup:di:compile”. It will speed up the system and generate the necessary classes.
7. Use Full Page Cache
The power of full page caching lies in its ability to store the full page output in the cache. This decreases the server load for when consequent pages are loading. If your Magento 2 website had a high traffic, full page caching is almost compulsory as it keeps the server load low and avoid downtime at times of high traffic. As the server needs are reduced by getting all rendering pages from the cache, the performance of your website improves as a result.
A faster ecommerce store get better conversion rates than a slow processing website any day. With so many alternate options available nobody is willing or patient enough to bear with slow transactions. Even Google has started penalizing websites with slow loading speed. So, keeping in mind all the points, it’s really important that you take a few steps to improve the speed and performance of your Magento 2 site.
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